Author Guideline

The entire manuscript, including abstract of 150-250 words and key words (not more than seven key words). Tables, figures and references, should be within 5000 words and should be typed, double-spaced, on A4 paper in 12 point Times New Roman font. Standard margins (2.5" on the top and bottom and 2.5" on the left and right), on one side of the paper only, with pages numbered consecutively

Authors' names, affiliations, postal addresses, e-mail addresses, telephone, fax numbers and biographical data of not more than 50 words should be submitted on a separate covering page.

Headings must be short, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchies of headings. The preferred format is for headings to be presented in bold format, with consecutive numbering

All endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers and listed at the end of the article

Tables and Figures should be part of the text. All Figures should be submitted in both electronic form and as hard copy originals. Tables should not be submitted as graphic elements. Supply succint and clear captions for all tables and figures. They should be numbered in Arabic numerals

The style and bibliographic references should conform to the conventions specified in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). References, only of works cited, should be listed in full at the end of the paper arranged alphabetically


1Songsakda Chayanukro , 2Massudi Mahmuddin & 3Husniza Husni

1Suan Dusit Rajabhat University, Thailand

2 & 3School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia;;


A short abstract (120 word maximum) should be included here. An Abstract summarizes the major aspects of a paper. It is usually one paragraph long, and should succinctly summarize the purpose of the paper, the methods used, the major results, and the author's impretations and conclusions. Avoid citing references in the abstract. Paraphrase rather than quoting. Use active rather than passive voice (but without personal pronouns). The abstract shall be typed double space, justified, centered, and with a column width of 4.5 inches. The abstract is preceded by a heading of bold “ABSTRACT” and its length may not extend beyond the first page.

Keywords: e-learning, user, behaviours, template, example of format (list up not more than 7 key words).


In many academic institutions as well as commercial organizations, the system that can support and improve learning within an organization and institution nowadays is continuously developing, particularly, the Learning Management System (LMS) nowadays plays more crucial roles in distance learning because of its manageability. This system is notably able to manage the registered users, manage course catalogues, record data from learners and its equipped with reports for the system management. For distance-learning education, the LMS software is very economical and practicable. Besides that, this software can be used in many different phases that can support users in terms of performing content preparation by keeping user’s record. The study on open source e-Learning user’s behaviour can be broadly advantages (Ruiz Reyes et al., 2009).


Numbering of section headings and paragraphs should be avoided. Major section headings are majuscule, bold, flush (aligned) left, and use the same style san-serif font as the body text. Widow and orphan lines should also be avoided; more than one line of a paragraph should appear at the end or beginning of a page, not one line by itself.

Learning Behaviour (This is a Sample of a Secondary (Sub-Section) Heading)

Secondary, or sub-section, headings are title case (miniscule lettering with the first letter of major words majuscule), flush left, and bold. Secondary headings use the same serif font style as the body text and, like section headings, should not be numbered. Sub-section heads or secondary headings flush left, bold, 11-point in upper and lower case as shown. For subsection heads, a word like the or a is not capitalized unless it is the first word of the header

User behavior model development (This is a sample for tertiary headings)

The data derived for this study concerned the e-Learning user’s behavior that could affect model analyzing from the data mining technique to be more stable and generalized. Therefore the study of this information would be used to develop a more stable and more effective model of e-Learning user’s behavior. Sub-sub headings should be indented, bold, and lower case paragraphs letters of each words.

Equations, Abbreviations, Figures and Table

  • Equations

    Equations are centered with the equation number flush to the right. In the text, these equations should be referenced by name as Eq. (1). To improve readability, scalar variable names such as a and b2 are usually italicized when appearing in text and equations.

    a = b2

  • Abbreviations

    When units of measure are abbreviated, lower case without periods is preferred in most instances; e.g. km, kg, sec, m/s, etc., but in. for inch.

  • Figures

    Illustrations are referenced by name and without formatting embellishments, such as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc., or, Figures 3 and 4. Each illustration should have a caption unless it is a mere sketch. Single-phrase captions are usually in title case; they are bold 10-point serif font and flush left below the figure as shown in Figure 1. An explanatory caption of several sentences is permissible. Ideally, every illustration should be legibly sized – usually about one-half or one-quarter page – and appear in the text just before it is called out or mentioned. All figures and callouts should remain clearly legible after reduction. All illustrations appear as black and white in the final printing, although colors are retained in the electronic (CD-ROM) version.

  • Graphic Formats

    The highest quality formats are Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) and PDF vector-graphic formats. These formats are recommended for all illustrations, unless they create document files that are excessively large. Photographs, illustrations that use heavy toner or ink (such as bar graphs), and figures without text callouts, may be suitably displayed with picture formats such as BMP, GIF, JPEG, PNG, TIFF, etc

    Figure 1. Overview of the G2Way Strategy

  • References and Citations

    The parenthetical citation of bibliographical references is indicated in the text preferably at the end of a sentence (Hipp, 2000). In the text, a reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al‘. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works. Citations should precisely follow APA method for both, parenthetical citation and reference entries. The reference section of this article provide samples of the 6th edition APA reference format. The reference list must be sorted alphabetically. The citation of private communication is especially discouraged, but if required it should be cited as a footnote and include the date, professional affiliation, and location of the person cited.

  • Table

    Tables are referred to by name in the text as Table 1, or, Tables 2 and 3. The title is flush left, italic as shown in Table 1. The font size inside tables should be no larger than the body text, but may be adjusted down to 9-point if necessary (10-point serif font is considered nominal). Note that table units are in parentheses. Ideally, every table should appear within the text just after it is called out. Table caption must briefly explain the contents of the table.

    Round to two decimal digits of accuracy while reporting correlations, proportions, and inferential statistics such as t, f, and x2

    Table 1. Errors by Category and their Frequency of Occurrences in Dyslexic Children's Reading and Spelling of Isolated Bahasa Melayu Words.

    Category of Errors n %
    Substitutes vowel 1286 20.34
    Omitted consonants * 786 12.43
    Nasals (m, n) 770 12.17
    Substitutes consonants * 577 9.13
    Omits vowel 511 8.03
    Substitutes word 384 6.07
    Adds consonants 363 5.74
    Substitutes with non-words 272 4.3
    Reversals 268 4.24
    Incorrect sequence 224 3.54
    Omits syllable 167 2.64
    Liquids (1, r) 156 2.47
    Substitutes vowel with consonant / consonant with vowel ** 143 2.26
    Substitutes nasals for liquid 124 1.96
    Adds vowel 124 1.96
    Syllable Division Confusion 94 1.49
    Adds syllable 74 1.17


    * excludes m, n, 1 ,r
    ** if: substitution of a vowel with a consonant (excluding m, n, 1, r) or substitution of a consonant (including m, n, 1, r) with a vowel

    Equations, figures, and tables must be sequentially numbered with no repeated numbers or gaps. Each figure and table shall be called out in the text. Intermediate equations may be numbered without being called out.

The final manuscript (called camera ready) must be submitted in MS Word document (.docx or .doc). The page size should be 8.27 inches by 11.69 inches exactly (A4).

If you wish to submit this manuscript to the Journal of Information Communication Technology (, it must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.

Your final manuscript should be camera-ready as submitted—free from technical, typographical, and formatting errors

Any acknowledgments by the author may appear here. The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief and concise. The acknowledgments section is optional.

  • American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological
    (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

  • Chamberlin, J. Novotney, A., Packard, E., & Price, M. (2008, May). Enhancing worker well-
          being: occupational health psychologists convene to share their research on work, stress,
          and health. Monitor on Psychology, 39(5), 26-29.

  • Flynn, J.R. (2007). What is intelligence?-beyond the Flynn effect. Cambridge: Cambridge
          University Press.

  • Hartley, J. T., Harker J. O., & Walsh, D. A. (1980). Contemporary issues and new directions in
          adult development of learning and memory. In L. W. Poon (Ed.), Aging in the 1980s:
          Psychological issues
    (pp. 239-252). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

  • Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival
          times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

  • Hipp, E. (2000). Understanding the human volcano: What teens can do about violence [Monograph].
          Retrieved from

  • Lopez, J. (2005). Characteristics of selected multilingual education programs from around the world: A
          review of the literature
    (Unpublished master's thesis). Dominican University of California,
          Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED491402).

  • Nunes, T. (2002). The role of systems of signs in reasoning. In T. Brown & Smith (Eds.),
          Reductionism and the development of knowledge (pp. 133-158). Mawah, NJ: Erlbaum

  • Simon, A. (2000). Perceptual comparisons through the mind's eye. Memory & Cognition, 23, 635-647.

  • Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economics, social status. The Washington
    , pp. Al, A4.

  • VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the section of resources by
          psychology undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123. Retrieved from

Appendixes are not encouraged. Page limit for the article is 25 pages maximum. Therefore, the paper should be as precise and as compact as possible. If an appendix is deemed necessary, then the title of each appendix section is preceded by “APPENDIX A: ”, followed by “APPENDIX B: ”, etc., when multiple appendixes are necessary. Appendices normally go after references. The contents of each appendix must be called out at least once in the body of the manuscript.